paddle.fluid.contrib.mixed_precision.decorator. decorate ( optimizer, amp_lists=None, init_loss_scaling=32768, incr_every_n_steps=1000, decr_every_n_nan_or_inf=2, incr_ratio=2.0, decr_ratio=0.8, use_dynamic_loss_scaling=True, use_pure_fp16=False, use_fp16_guard=None ) [source]

Decorate the given optimizer to adapt to the mixed-precision training.

  • optimizer (Optimizer) – A common Optimizer.

  • amp_lists (CustomOpLists) – An CustomOpLists object.

  • init_loss_scaling (float) – The initial loss scaling factor.

  • incr_every_n_steps (int) – Increases loss scaling every n consecutive steps with finite gradients.

  • decr_every_n_nan_or_inf (int) – Decreases loss scaling every n accumulated steps with nan or inf gradients.

  • incr_ratio (float) – The multiplier to use when increasing the loss scaling.

  • decr_ratio (float) – The less-than-one-multiplier to use when decreasing the loss scaling.

  • use_dynamic_loss_scaling (bool) – Whether to use dynamic loss scaling.

  • use_pure_fp16 (bool) – Whether to use the pure fp16 training. Default False.

  • use_fp16_guard (bool) – Whether to use fp16_guard when constructing the program. Default None, which means that its value equals to use_pure_fp16.


An optimizer acting like a normal one but with mixed-precision training enabled.

Examples 1:

# black&white list based strategy example import paddle import paddle.static as static


data =’X’, shape=[None, 1], dtype=’float32’) hidden = static.nn.fc(x=data, size=10) loss = paddle.mean(hidden) optimizer = paddle.optimizer.Adam(learning_rate=0.001)

mp_optimizer = static.amp.decorate(

optimizer=optimizer, init_loss_scaling=8.0)

ops, param_grads = mp_optimizer.minimize(loss) scaled_loss = mp_optimizer.get_scaled_loss()

Examples 2:
# pure fp16 training example
import numpy as np
import paddle
import paddle.nn.functional as F

def run_example_code():
    place = paddle.CUDAPlace(0)
    exe = paddle.static.Executor(place)
    data ='X', shape=[None, 1, 28, 28], dtype='float32')
    conv2d = paddle.static.nn.conv2d(input=data, num_filters=6, filter_size=3)
    # 1) Use fp16_guard to control the range of fp16 kernels used.
    with paddle.static.amp.fp16_guard():
        bn = paddle.static.nn.batch_norm(input=conv2d, act="relu")
        pool = F.max_pool2d(bn, kernel_size=2, stride=2)
        hidden = paddle.static.nn.fc(pool, size=10)
        loss = paddle.mean(hidden)
    # 2) Create the optimizer and set `multi_precision` to True.
    # Setting `multi_precision` to True can avoid the poor accuracy
    # or the slow convergence in a way.
    optimizer = paddle.optimizer.Momentum(learning_rate=0.01, multi_precision=True)
    # 3) These ops in `custom_black_list` will keep in the float32 computation type.
    amp_list = paddle.static.amp.CustomOpLists(
    # 4) The entry of Paddle AMP.
    # Enable pure fp16 training by setting `use_pure_fp16` to True.
    optimizer = paddle.static.amp.decorate(
    # If you don't use the default_startup_program(), you sholud pass
    # your defined `startup_program` into `minimize`.
    # 5) Use `amp_init` after FP32 parameters initialization(such as ``).
    # If you want to perform the testing process, you should pass `test_program` into `amp_init`.
    optimizer.amp_init(place, scope=paddle.static.global_scope())

if paddle.is_compiled_with_cuda() and len(paddle.static.cuda_places()) > 0: