paddle.fluid.layers.nn. scatter ( input, index, updates, name=None, overwrite=True ) [source]

Warning: API “paddle.fluid.layers.nn.scatter” is deprecated since 2.0.0, and will be removed in future versions. Please use “paddle.scatter” instead.


paddle.scatter :alias: paddle.scatter,paddle.tensor.scatter,paddle.tensor.manipulation.scatter :old_api: paddle.fluid.layers.scatter

Scatter Layer

Output is obtained by updating the input on selected indices based on updates.

System Message: ERROR/3 (/usr/local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/paddle/fluid/layers/ of paddle.fluid.layers.nn.scatter, line 11)

Error in “code-block” directive: maximum 1 argument(s) allowed, 5 supplied.

.. code-block:: python
    import numpy as np

    input = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3]])
    index = np.array([2, 1, 0, 1])
    # shape of updates should be the same as input
    # shape of updates with dim > 1 should be the same as input
    updates = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3], [4, 4]])
    overwrite = False

    # calculation:
    if not overwrite:
        for i in range(len(index)):
            input[index[i]] = np.zeros((2))

    for i in range(len(index)):
        if (overwrite):
            input[index[i]] = updates[i]
            input[index[i]] += updates[i]
    # output:
    out = np.array([[3, 3], [6, 6], [1, 1]])
    out.shape # [3, 2]

input (Variable): The input N-D Tensor with rank>=1. Data type can be float32. index (Variable): The index 1-D Tensor. Data type can be int32, int64. The length of index cannot exceed updates’s length, and the value in index cannot exceed input’s length. updates (Variable): update input with updates parameter based on index. shape should be the same as input, and dim value with dim > 1 should be the same as input. name(str, optional): The default value is None. Normally there is no need for user to set this property. For more information, please refer to Name . overwrite (bool): The mode that updating the output when there are same indices.

System Message: ERROR/3 (/usr/local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/paddle/fluid/layers/ of paddle.fluid.layers.nn.scatter, line 42)

Unexpected indentation.

If True, use the overwrite mode to update the output of the same index, if False, use the accumulate mode to update the output of the same index. Default value is True.


Variable(Tensor|LoDTensor): The output is a Tensor with the same shape as input.


import numpy as np
import paddle.fluid as fluid

input ='data', shape=[3, 2], dtype='float32', append_batch_size=False)
index ='index', shape=[4], dtype='int64', append_batch_size=False)
updates ='update', shape=[4, 2], dtype='float32', append_batch_size=False)

output = fluid.layers.scatter(input, index, updates, overwrite=False)

exe = fluid.Executor(fluid.CPUPlace())

in_data = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3]]).astype(np.float32)
index_data = np.array([2, 1, 0, 1]).astype(np.int64)
update_data = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3], [4, 4]]).astype(np.float32)

res =, feed={'data':in_data, "index":index_data, "update":update_data}, fetch_list=[output])
# [array([[3., 3.],
#   [6., 6.],
#   [1., 1.]], dtype=float32)]