paddle.linalg. eig ( x, name=None ) [source]

This API performs the eigenvalue decomposition of a square matrix or a batch of square matrices.


If the matrix is a Hermitian or a real symmetric matrix, please use paddle.linalg.eigh instead, which is much faster. If only eigenvalues is needed, please use paddle.linalg.eigvals instead. If the matrix is of any shape, please use paddle.linalg.svd. This API is only supported on CPU device. The output datatype is always complex for both real and complex input.

  • x (Tensor) – A tensor with shape math:[*, N, N], The data type of the x should be one of float32, float64, compplex64 or complex128.

  • name (str, optional) – The default value is None. Normally there is no need for user to set this property. For more information, please refer to Name.


A tensor with shape math:[*, N] refers to the eigen values. Eigenvectors(Tensors): A tensor with shape math:[*, N, N] refers to the eigen vectors.

Return type



import paddle
import numpy as np


x_data = np.array([[1.6707249, 7.2249975, 6.5045543],
                   [9.956216,  8.749598,  6.066444 ],
                   [4.4251957, 1.7983172, 0.370647 ]]).astype("float32")
x = paddle.to_tensor(x_data)
w, v = paddle.linalg.eig(x)
# Tensor(shape=[3, 3], dtype=complex128, place=CPUPlace, stop_gradient=False,
#       [[(-0.5061363550800655+0j) , (-0.7971760990842826+0j) ,
#         (0.18518077798279986+0j)],
#        [(-0.8308237755993192+0j) ,  (0.3463813401919749+0j) ,
#         (-0.6837005269141947+0j) ],
#        [(-0.23142567697893396+0j),  (0.4944999840400175+0j) ,
#         (0.7058765252952796+0j) ]])

# Tensor(shape=[3], dtype=complex128, place=CPUPlace, stop_gradient=False,
#       [ (16.50471283351188+0j)  , (-5.5034820550763515+0j) ,
#         (-0.21026087843552282+0j)])