conv2d

api_attr

declarative programming (static graph)

paddle.fluid.layers.conv2d(input, num_filters, filter_size, stride=1, padding=0, dilation=1, groups=None, param_attr=None, bias_attr=None, use_cudnn=True, act=None, name=None, data_format='NCHW')[source]

The convolution2D layer calculates the output based on the input, filter and strides, paddings, dilations, groups parameters. Input and Output are in NCHW or NHWC format, where N is batch size, C is the number of channels, H is the height of the feature, and W is the width of the feature. Filter is in MCHW format, where M is the number of output image channels, C is the number of input image channels, H is the height of the filter, and W is the width of the filter. If the groups is greater than 1, C will equal the number of input image channels divided by the groups. Please refer to UFLDL’s convolution for more details. If bias attribution and activation type are provided, bias is added to the output of the convolution, and the corresponding activation function is applied to the final result.

For each input \(X\), the equation is:

\[Out = \sigma (W \ast X + b)\]

Where:

  • \(X\): Input value, a tensor with NCHW or NHWC format.

  • \(W\): Filter value, a tensor with MCHW format.

  • \(\ast\): Convolution operation.

  • \(b\): Bias value, a 2-D tensor with shape [M, 1].

  • \(\sigma\): Activation function.

  • \(Out\): Output value, the shape of \(Out\) and \(X\) may be different.

Example

  • Input:

    Input shape: \((N, C_{in}, H_{in}, W_{in})\)

    Filter shape: \((C_{out}, C_{in}, H_f, W_f)\)

  • Output:

    Output shape: \((N, C_{out}, H_{out}, W_{out})\)

Where

\[\begin{split}H_{out}&= \frac{(H_{in} + 2 * paddings[0] - (dilations[0] * (H_f - 1) + 1))}{strides[0]} + 1 \\ W_{out}&= \frac{(W_{in} + 2 * paddings[1] - (dilations[1] * (W_f - 1) + 1))}{strides[1]} + 1\end{split}\]
Parameters
  • input (Variable) – The input is 4-D Tensor with shape [N, C, H, W], the data type of input is float16 or float32 or float64.

  • num_filters (int) – The number of filter. It is as same as the output image channel.

  • filter_size (int|tuple) – The filter size. If filter_size is a tuple, it must contain two integers, (filter_size_height, filter_size_width). Otherwise, filter_size_height = filter_size_width = filter_size.

  • stride (int|tuple) – The stride size. It means the stride in convolution. If stride is a tuple, it must contain two integers, (stride_height, stride_width). Otherwise, stride_height = stride_width = stride. Default: stride = 1.

  • padding (string|int|list|tuple) – The padding size. It means the number of zero-paddings on both sides for each dimension.If padding is a string, either ‘VALID’ or ‘SAME’ which is the padding algorithm. If padding size is a tuple or list, it could be in three forms: [pad_height, pad_width] or [pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom, pad_width_left, pad_width_right], and when data_format is “NCHW”, padding can be in the form [[0,0], [0,0], [pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom], [pad_width_left, pad_width_right]]. when data_format is “NHWC”, pool_padding can be in the form [[0,0], [pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom], [pad_width_left, pad_width_right], [0,0]]. Default: padding = 0.

  • dilation (int|tuple) – The dilation size. It means the spacing between the kernel points. If dilation is a tuple, it must contain two integers, (dilation_height, dilation_width). Otherwise, dilation_height = dilation_width = dilation. Default: dilation = 1.

  • groups (int) – The groups number of the Conv2d Layer. According to grouped convolution in Alex Krizhevsky’s Deep CNN paper: when group=2, the first half of the filters is only connected to the first half of the input channels, while the second half of the filters is only connected to the second half of the input channels. Default: groups=1.

  • param_attr (ParamAttr|None) – The parameter attribute for learnable parameters/weights of conv2d. If it is set to None or one attribute of ParamAttr, conv2d will create ParamAttr as param_attr. If the Initializer of the param_attr is not set, the parameter is initialized with \(Normal(0.0, std)\), and the \(std\) is \((\frac{2.0 }{filter\_elem\_num})^{0.5}\). Default: None.

  • bias_attr (ParamAttr|bool|None) – The parameter attribute for the bias of conv2d. If it is set to False, no bias will be added to the output units. If it is set to None or one attribute of ParamAttr, conv2d will create ParamAttr as bias_attr. If the Initializer of the bias_attr is not set, the bias is initialized zero. Default: None.

  • use_cudnn (bool) – Use cudnn kernel or not, it is valid only when the cudnn library is installed. Default: True

  • act (str) – Activation type, if it is set to None, activation is not appended. Default: None

  • name (str|None) – For detailed information, please refer to Name. Usually name is no need to set and None by default.

  • data_format (str, optional) – Specify the data format of the input, and the data format of the output will be consistent with that of the input. An optional string from: “NCHW”, “NHWC”. The default is “NCHW”. When it is “NCHW”, the data is stored in the order of: [batch_size, input_channels, input_height, input_width].

Returns

A Variable holding Tensor representing the conv2d, whose data type is the same with input. If act is None, the tensor variable storing the convolution result, and if act is not None, the tensor variable storing convolution and non-linearity activation result.

Raises
  • ValueError – If the type of use_cudnn is not bool.

  • ValueError – If data_format is not “NCHW” or “NHWC”.

  • ValueError – If the channel dimmention of the input is less than or equal to zero.

  • ValueError – If padding is a string, but not “SAME” or “VALID”.

  • ValueError – If padding is a tuple, but the element corresponding to the input’s batch size is not 0 or the element corresponding to the input’s channel is not 0.

  • ShapeError – If the input is not 4-D Tensor.

  • ShapeError – If the input’s dimension size and filter’s dimension size not equal.

  • ShapeError – If the dimension size of input minus the size of stride is not 2.

  • ShapeError – If the number of input channels is not equal to filter’s channels * groups.

  • ShapeError – If the number of output channels is not be divided by groups.

Examples

import paddle.fluid as fluid
data = fluid.data(name='data', shape=[None, 3, 32, 32], dtype='float32')
conv2d = fluid.layers.conv2d(input=data, num_filters=2, filter_size=3, act="relu")