launch

paddle.distributed. launch ( ) [source]

Paddle distribution training entry python -m paddle.distributed.launch.

Usage:
python -m paddle.distributed.launch [-h] [--master MASTER] [--rank RANK]
       [--log_level LOG_LEVEL] [--nnodes NNODES]
       [--nproc_per_node NPROC_PER_NODE] [--log_dir LOG_DIR]
       [--run_mode RUN_MODE] [--job_id JOB_ID] [--devices DEVICES]
       [--host HOST] [--servers SERVERS] [--trainers TRAINERS]
       [--trainer_num TRAINER_NUM] [--server_num SERVER_NUM]
       [--gloo_port GLOO_PORT] [--with_gloo WITH_GLOO]
       [--max_restart MAX_RESTART] [--elastic_level ELASTIC_LEVEL]
       [--elastic_timeout ELASTIC_TIMEOUT]
       training_script ...
Base Parameters:
  • --master: The master/rendezvous server, support http:// and etcd://, default with http://. e.g., --master=127.0.0.1:8080. Default --master=None.

  • --rank: The rank of the node, can be auto assigned by master. Default --rank=-1.

  • --log_level: The log level to set for logging.setLevel which can be CRITICAL/ERROR/WARNING/INFO/DEBUG/NOTSET, case insensitive. Default --log_level=INFO.

  • --nnodes: The number of nodes for a distributed job, it can be a range in elastic mode, e.g., --nnodes=2:3. Default --nnodes=1.

  • --nproc_per_node: The number of processes to launch on a node. In gpu training, it should be less or equal to the gpus number of you system. e.g., --nproc_per_node=8

  • --log_dir: The path for each process’s log. e.g., --log_dir=output_dir. Default --log_dir=log.

  • --run_mode: The run mode of job, can be:collective/ps/ps-heter. e.g., --run_mode=ps. Default --run_mode=collective.

  • --job_id: The job unique id, it affects the log files’ name. e.g., --job_id=job1. Default --job_id=default.

  • --devices: The selected accelerate devices on nodes, can be gpu/xpu/npu/mlu etc.. e.g., --devices=0,1,2,3 will launch four training processes each bound to one device.

  • training_script: The full path to the single GPU training program/script to be launched in parallel, followed by all the arguments for the training script. e.g., traing.py

  • training_script_args: The args of training_script. e.g., --lr=0.1

Collective Parameters:
  • --ips: [DEPRECATED] Paddle cluster nodes ips, e.g., --ips=192.168.0.16,192.168.0.17. Default --ips=127.0.0.1.

Parameter-Server Parameters:
  • --servers: User defined servers ip:port, e.g., --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170"

  • --trainers: User defined trainers ip:port, e.g., --trainers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6171,192.168.0.17:6172"

  • --workers: [DEPRECATED] The same as trainers.

  • --trainer_num: Number of trainers on each node, can be 0.

  • --worker_num: [DEPRECATED] The same as trainer_num.

  • --server_num: Number of servers on each node, can be 0.

  • --heter_workers: User defined heter workers ip1:port1;ip2:port2, e.g., --heter_workers="192.168.0.16:6172;192.168.0.17:6172"

  • --heter_worker_num: Number of heter_workers in each stage (It recommend to set when in the emulated distributed environment using single node)

  • --heter_devices: Type of heter_device in each stage

  • --gloo_port: Gloo http Port. Default --gloo_port=6767.

  • --with_gloo: Using gloo or not. Default --with_gloo=0.

Elastic Parameters:
  • --max_restart: The maximum restart times for an elastic job. Default --max_restart=3.

  • --elastic_level: The elastic level: -1: disable, 0: failed exit, peers hold, 1: internal restart. Default --elastic_level=-1.

  • --elastic_timeout: Seconds to wait before elastic job begin to train. Default --elastic_timeout=30.

Returns

  • None

Examples 0 (master, ip/port auto detection):
# For training on multi node, run the following command in one of the nodes

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --nnodes 2 train.py

# Then the following info will be print

# Copy the following command to other nodes to run.
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# python -m paddle.distributed.launch --master 10.0.0.1:38714 --nnodes 2 train.py
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Follow the instruction above and paste the command in other nodes can launch a multi nodes training job.

# There are two ways to launch a job with the same command for multi nodes training
# 1) using the following command in every nodes, make sure the ip is one of the training node and the port is available on that node
# python -m paddle.distributed.launch --master 10.0.0.1:38714 --nnodes 2 train.py
# 2) using the following command in every nodes with a independent etcd service
# python -m paddle.distributed.launch --master etcd://10.0.0.1:2379 --nnodes 2 train.py

# This functionality works will for both collective and ps mode and even with other arguments.
Examples 1 (collective, single node):
# For training on single node using 4 gpus.

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --devices=0,1,2,3 train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 2 (collective, multi node):
# For training on multiple nodes, e.g., 192.168.0.16, 192.168.0.17

# On 192.168.0.16:

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --devices=0,1,2,3 --master=192.168.0.16:8090 train.py --lr=0.01

# On 192.168.0.17:
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --devices=0,1,2,3 --master=192.168.0.16:8090 train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 3 (ps, cpu, single node):
# To simulate distributed environment using single node, e.g., 2 servers and 4 workers.

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --server_num=2 --worker_num=4 train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 4 (ps, cpu, multi node):
# For training on multiple nodes, e.g., 192.168.0.16, 192.168.0.17 where each node with 1 server and 2 workers.

# On 192.168.0.16:

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6171,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01

# On 192.168.0.17:

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6171,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01

# Or with master, the following command run 2 server and 2 trainer on each node.

python -m paddle.distributed.launch --master 192.168.0.16:9090 --server_num=2 --trainer_num=2 --nnodes 2 train.py
Examples 5 (ps, gpu, single node):
# To simulate distributed environment using single node, e.g., 2 servers and 4 workers, each worker use single gpu.

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1,2,3
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --server_num=2 --worker_num=4 train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 6 (ps, gpu, multi node):
# For training on multiple nodes, e.g., 192.168.0.16, 192.168.0.17 where each node with 1 server and 2 workers.

# On 192.168.0.16:

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6171,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01

# On 192.168.0.17:

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6171,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 7 (ps-heter, cpu + gpu, single node):
# To simulate distributed environment using single node, e.g., 2 servers and 4 workers, two workers use gpu, two workers use cpu.

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --server_num=2 --worker_num=2 --heter_worker_num=2 train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 8 (ps-heter, cpu + gpu, multi node):
# For training on multiple nodes, e.g., 192.168.0.16, 192.168.0.17 where each node with 1 server, 1 gpu worker, 1 cpu worker.

# On 192.168.0.16:

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.17:6171" --heter_workers="192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01

# On 192.168.0.17:

export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --servers="192.168.0.16:6170,192.168.0.17:6170" --workers="192.168.0.16:6171,192.168.0.17:6171" --heter_workers="192.168.0.16:6172,192.168.0.17:6172" train.py --lr=0.01
Examples 9 (elastic):
# With the following command, the job will begin to run immediately if 4 nodes are ready,
# or it will run after elastic_timeout if only 2 or 3 nodes ready
python -m paddle.distributed.launch --master etcd://10.0.0.1:2379 --nnodes 2:4 train.py

# once the number of nodes changes between 2:4 during training, the strategy holds