paddle.nn.functional. conv3d_transpose ( x, weight, bias=None, stride=1, padding=0, output_padding=0, groups=1, dilation=1, output_size=None, data_format='NCDHW', name=None ) [source]

The convolution3d transpose layer calculates the output based on the input, filter, and dilations, strides, paddings. Input(Input) and output(Output) are in NCDHW or NDHWC format. Where N is batch size, C is the number of channels, D is the depth of the feature, H is the height of the feature, and W is the width of the feature. Parameters(dilations, strides, paddings) are two elements. These two elements represent height and width, respectively. The details of convolution transpose layer, please refer to the following explanation and references therein. If bias attribution and activation type are provided, bias is added to the output of the convolution, and the corresponding activation function is applied to the final result. See more detail in Conv3DTranspose .

For each input \(X\), the equation is:

\[Out = \sigma (W \ast X + b)\]

In the above equation:

  • \(X\): Input value, a Tensor with NCDHW or NDHWC format.

  • \(W\): Filter value, a Tensor with NCDHW format.

  • \(\ast\): Convolution operation.

  • \(b\): Bias value, a 2-D Tensor with shape [M, 1].

  • \(\sigma\): Activation function.

  • \(Out\): Output value, the shape of \(Out\) and \(X\) may be different.


  • Input:

    Input shape: \((N, C_{in}, D_{in}, H_{in}, W_{in})\)

    Filter shape: \((C_{in}, C_{out}, D_f, H_f, W_f)\)

  • Output:

    Output shape: \((N, C_{out}, D_{out}, H_{out}, W_{out})\)


\[\begin{split}D^\prime_{out} &= (D_{in} - 1) * strides[0] - 2 * paddings[0] + dilations[0] * (D_f - 1) + 1 \\ H^\prime_{out} &= (H_{in} - 1) * strides[1] - 2 * paddings[1] + dilations[1] * (H_f - 1) + 1 \\ W^\prime_{out} &= (W_{in} - 1) * strides[2] - 2 * paddings[2] + dilations[2] * (W_f - 1) + 1 \\ D_{out} &\in [ D^\prime_{out}, D^\prime_{out} + strides[0] ] \\ H_{out} &\in [ H^\prime_{out}, H^\prime_{out} + strides[1] ] \\ W_{out} &\in [ W^\prime_{out}, W^\prime_{out} + strides[2] ]\end{split}\]


The conv3d_transpose can be seen as the backward of the conv3d. For conv3d, when stride > 1, conv3d maps multiple input shape to the same output shape, so for conv3d_transpose, when stride > 1, input shape maps multiple output shape. If output_size is None, \(H_{out} = H^\prime_{out}, W_{out} = W^\prime_{out}\); else, the \(D_{out}\) of the output size must between \(D^\prime_{out}\) and \(D^\prime_{out} + strides[0]\), the \(H_{out}\) of the output size must between \(H^\prime_{out}\) and \(H^\prime_{out} + strides[1]\), and the \(W_{out}\) of the output size must between \(W^\prime_{out}\) and \(W^\prime_{out} + strides[2]\).

  • x (Tensor) – The input is 5-D Tensor with shape [N, C, D, H, W] or [N, D, H, W, C], the data type of input is float32 or float64.

  • weight (Tensor) – The convolution kernel, a Tensor with shape [C, M/g, kD, kH, kW], where M is the number of filters (output channels), g is the number of groups, kD, kH, kW are the filter’s depth, height and width respectively.

  • bias (Tensor, optional) – The bias, a Tensor of shape [M, ]. Default: None.

  • stride (int|list|tuple, optional) – The stride size. It means the stride in transposed convolution. If stride is a list/tuple, it must contain three integers, (stride_depth, stride_height, stride_width). Otherwise, stride_depth = stride_height = stride_width = stride. Default: 1.

  • padding (str|int|list|tuple, optional) – The padding size. It means the number of zero-paddings on both sides for each dimension. If padding is a string, either ‘VALID’ or ‘SAME’ which is the padding algorithm. If padding size is a tuple or list, it could be in three forms: [pad_depth, pad_height, pad_width] or [pad_depth_front, pad_depth_back, pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom, pad_width_left, pad_width_right], and when data_format is “NCDHW”, padding can be in the form [[0,0], [0,0], [pad_depth_front, pad_depth_back], [pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom], [pad_width_left, pad_width_right]]. when data_format is “NDHWC”, padding can be in the form [[0,0], [pad_depth_front, pad_depth_back], [pad_height_top, pad_height_bottom], [pad_width_left, pad_width_right], [0,0]]. Default: 0.

  • output_padding (int|list|tuple, optional) – Additional size added to one side of each dimension in the output shape. Default: 0.

  • groups (int, optional) – The groups number of the Conv3D transpose layer. Inspired by grouped convolution in Alex Krizhevsky’s Deep CNN paper, in which when groups = 2, the first half of the filters is only connected to the first half of the input channels, while the second half of the filters is only connected to the second half of the input channels. Default: 1.

  • dilation (int|list|tuple, optional) – The dilation size. It means the spacing between the kernel points. If dilation is a list/tuple, it must contain three integers, (dilation_depth, dilation_height, dilation_width). Otherwise, dilation_depth = dilation_height = dilation_width = dilation. Default: 1.

  • output_size (int|list|tuple, optional) – The output image size. If output size is a list/tuple, it must contain three integers, (image_depth, image_height, image_width). None if use filter_size(shape of weight), padding, and stride to calculate output_size.

  • data_format (str, optional) – Specify the data format of the input, and the data format of the output will be consistent with that of the input. An optional string from: “NCHW”, “NHWC”. When it is “NCHW”, the data is stored in the order of: [batch_size, input_channels, input_height, input_width]. Default: “NCHW”.

  • name (str, optional) – For detailed information, please refer to Name. Usually name is no need to set. Default: None.


A Tensor representing the conv3d_transpose, whose data type is the same with input and shape is (num_batches, channels, out_d, out_h, out_w) or (num_batches, out_d, out_h, out_w, channels). If act is None, the tensor variable storing the transposed convolution result, and if act is not None, the tensor variable storing transposed convolution and non-linearity activation result.


>>> import paddle
>>> import paddle.nn.functional as F

>>> x_var = paddle.randn((2, 3, 8, 8, 8), dtype='float32')
>>> w_var = paddle.randn((3, 6, 3, 3, 3), dtype='float32')

>>> y_var = F.conv3d_transpose(x_var, w_var)

>>> print(y_var.shape)
[2, 6, 10, 10, 10]